Updated: Nov 19, 2021
Labor pain on your mind? Understanding pain relief options can give you more control over the labor and delivery process.
No two labors are exactly alike — and no two women have the same degree of labor pain.
The best approach to labor pain relief depends on your preferences and on how your labor progresses. Sometimes, you won't know what kind of pain relief you want until you're in labor. Still, it's a good idea to think about your options for managing labor pain ahead of time. Find out what's available at your hospital or birthing center, and discuss your preferences with your health care provider.
Consider the options
There are many ways to address labor pain without medications. These techniques won't stop the pain of contractions, but they might help you feel more relaxed and better able to cope with labor pain. Options include:
Walking, moving or changing position
Continuous labor support, either from a professional labor assistant (doula) or a loved one
Touch or massage
Applying ice packs or heat to your back or other body parts
Listening to music
As labor progresses — and contractions become stronger and more frequent — some women choose medication. Options include:
A regional pain blocking procedure that can be used during labor (epidural block)
A pain blocking procedure that's typically used shortly before delivery (spinal block)
A local anesthetic used shortly before delivery to block pain between the vagina and anus (pudendal block)
Understand the pros and cons
Each pain management option has pros and cons. Relaxation and breathing techniques can distract you and help you feel a better sense of control, but they might not dull the pain. Medications can make contractions less painful, but they could fail or you might experience side effects — such as nausea or itchiness.
With some medications, you might be restricted to bed or to a specific position, and your bladder might need to be emptied by a catheter. Some medications can affect your baby, too.
Expect the unexpected
Labor and delivery can be unpredictable. Labor pain might be more intense than you expected, or it might hurt in a different way. Even if you have a plan for managing labor pain, you might change it as labor progresses — or your labor might prompt your health care provider to suggest a pain relief option that wasn't in your original plan.
Keep in mind that birth isn't a test of endurance. You won't have failed if you ask for pain relief. One thing is certain: The more you learn about options for managing labor pain, the more prepared you'll be to handle labor — however it unfolds.